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Looking for the ultimate highlights of Australia? We are here to help!

Australia is an amazingly beautiful country that will delight all nature and adventure lovers! But while the nature is by far the best part of Oz, there also are fantastic cities to discover.

And of course, there are the animals! Aren’t we all a bit fascinated by the kangaroos, koalas, Tasmanian devils and other Australian native animals?

There is a bit of everything in Australia, which is one of the reasons why it’s such a popular destination for travellers.

I travelled around Australia for a year which gave me plenty of time to discover fantastic places.

In this article, I tell you everything you need to know about the highlights of Australia.

1. The Whitsundays, QLD

cruise whitsunday island

No matter what, the Whitsundays islands are a must see in Australia. It’s genuinely one of the most beautiful places and by far the ultimate Australian highlight.

Located near the coastal town of Airlie Beach, the Whitsundays National Park is made of 77 islands and is ideally located by the Great Barrier Reef.

The most famous spot in the Whitsundays is Whitehaven Beach. It’s one of the most famous beaches in the world.

The sand is made of silica which makes it very soft and incredibly white.

From Hill Inlet, you can see the beautiful turquoise waters swirling with the white sand, making it the ultimate photo spot in Australia.

The best way to experience the Whitsundays is to go on a cruise. This will give you a chance to discover all the highlights such as Whitehaven Beach, Hook Island and more.

You can also opt for a scenic flight from Airlie Beach which will give you the chance to see the islands as well as the Great Barrier Reef.

2. Great Barrier Reef

scenic flight great barrier reef

No trip to Australia is complete without going to the Great Barrier Reef. This unique eco-system is one of the most beautiful places on earth!

There are several ways to experience the great barrier reef from Airlie Beach.

If you have your diving license, then you should go on a diving trip or cruise. A lot of sailing companies offer diving cruises specifically for divers.

No matter what you will get to go to Whitehaven beach but after that, they will bring you way further than any other would. This way, you can dive in deeper open waters and see the true beauty of the coral.

If you are not a diver (like me!), you still have a few alternatives.

Firstly, you can go on a scenic flight above the reef. Although I am not too keen on flying, when I went there I could just not miss out on the opportunity to see the Great Barrier Reef.

I went on this scenic flight and can not recommend it enough! The best thing about the great barrier reef is that it is so big that you can see it from the sky! You get a completely different view on this amazing natural beauty.

It’s also the only way to see the heart reef!

It’s such an amazing experience. You can book the flight in advance here. Once you are in Airlie Beach, you just need to go to the airport and jump on the plane.

The aircraft is quite small, you will be maximum 8 in there. It is quite an experience as you get headphones and the pilot is also kind of your tour guide.

It lasts 1 hour and costs around 250 AUD.

I know it may sound expensive for just an hour and believe me, I was like you.

However, how many times in your life do you get to see the great barrier reef? Some lucky ones will see it several times but let’s be honest, most of us will only go once.

It’s a once in a lifetime experience and for that reason, I thought it was worth the expense.

After taking the flight, I knew it was definitely worth it! One of my best memories! There was something about it. Something so unique and almost magical.

Anywho… I’m getting side-tracked. Alright, where was I? Great barrier reef for non-divers, yes! Right!

The last option is to go on a “normal” sailing cruise. There are many sailing cruises leaving from Airlie Beach and they are not all diving oriented.

As previously mentioned, I went onto the Summertime cruise and absolutely loved it! I did try to dive but as I didn’t have my license, I was only able to do the diving introduction. That said, there is so much to see down there that for me it’s was already more than enough!

But even if you choose not to dive, you can go snorkelling. And quite frankly, it’s just as good!

There are just no other places in the world that offer that much marine diversity than the great barrier reef so even with snorkelling, you will be mind blown!

On the summertime cruise, they also take you sea kayaking. This is another great activity to do near the reef because you get to see plenty of corals but also turtles, lemon sharks, stingrays …

3. Melbourne, VIC

melbourne australia things to do

Melbourne is the capital of the state of Victoria. It’s also the second largest after Sydney. Very cosmopolitan, Melbourne was shaped by European cultures.

This is why you will find the best foods and drinks in Australia there!

Carlton, the Italian quarter, is the perfect place to go for a pizza or good coffee. That having been said, coffee in Melbourne is pretty amazing everywhere!

Melbourne CBD is a good place to start your discovery. You will find some of the best museums, beautiful galleries, street art and amazing buildings such as Flinders street railway station.

If you want to go out for drinks and to the beach, then St Kilda is your place!

Finally, Melbourne is the perfect starting point to go and explore more parts of Victoria such as Phillip Island or the Great Ocean Road.

You can easily go on a weekend getaway in regional Victoria and discover the beautiful surroundings!

4. Fraser Island, QLD

lake mackenzie fraser island

Located in the south of Queensland, Fraser Island is serious competition to the Whitsundays. Usually, tourists choose between the Whitsundays and Fraser.

However, I think it’s wrong to even compare them. They are both islands yes but that’s pretty much the only thing they have in common.

On Fraser Island, you get to discover the wildness of Australia and its wildlife. You have to be particularly careful with dingos but you’ll also get to see whales and dolphins.

There aren’t many roads. Most of the time you have to drive on the beach which means that you have to either rent a 4WD or go on an organised tour.

Personally, I didn’t want to rent a 4WD as I had heard many stories of people getting stuck in the sand, so I opted for the easy option and went on a 3 day-guided tour.

The 75 mile beach is pretty unique as it is literally a motorway and the main road on the island. It’s also one of two only landing slopes in the world. Definitely not something you see every day.

But the true jewel of Fraser Island is Lake MacKenzie.

This lake located in the middle of the island is an absolute beauty! Whitest sand you will ever get to see! And most of all, the thinnest! It’s so thin and soft! You will just not believe it!

It’s actually used as a natural skin scrub. So if you want soft skin, just use it!

Fraser Island is easily accessible from Hervey Bay, Rainbow Beach and Noosa.

5. Uluru & Kata Tjuta

uluru northern territory australia

Ah the red centre! What a unique place!

Located bang in the middle of the country, Uluru National Park is Australia’s most famous landmark.

Uluru National Park is actually formed of two landmarks: Uluru and Kata Tjuta.

Uluru is famous in the entire world. This massive red mountain lost in the middle of nowhere is scared for the aborigines and has been triggering curiosity for hundreds of years.

Kata Tjuta is way less known by the public and very often skipped by most visitors.

This is such a big mistake. Kata Tjuta is so much nicer than Uluru and well worth a visit!

You can go hiking and get lost into these red mountains. It’s such a beautiful place. Absolutely breathtaking!

hiking in kata tjuta

Here are the best things to do in Uluru National Park:

  • Walk around Uluru (10km)
  • Kata Tuja hike
  • Watch the sunset on Uluru
  • Watch the sunrise on Uluru from Kata Tjuta

In terms of accommodation, you will find a couple of hotels and a campsite in the park. There is no free campsite in or near Uluru. Wild camping is not recommended as there are a lot of dingoes around.

6. Kakadu National Park

kakadu cruise

Located near Darwin, Kakadu National Park is a bit of one of a kind. There is no other place quite like it.

In Kakadu, the best of the aboriginal and colonial culture meet. It’s the perfect place to learn more about Australian Aboriginal culture.

The entrance to the park costs 25 AUD.

At first, this might seem very expensive but yet it’s well worth it as it will give you access to loads of activities and guided tours with park rangers and the aboriginal communities.

It’s extremely interesting!

Here are the best places to visit in Kakadu National Park:

  • Jim Jim Falls
  • Gunlom Falls
  • Ubirr
  • Yellow Water
  • Jabiru lake
  • Nawurlandja Lookout
  • Maguk

7. Wilson Prom

wilson promontory beach

Located on the coast in the state of Victoria, Wilson’s Promontory National Park brings together all sorts of landscapes!

It’s absolute heaven for hikers!

The best things to do in Wilsons Promontory are:

  • Mount Oberon
  • Squeaky Beach
  • Little Waterloo Bay
  • Little Oberon Bay
  • Picnic bay
  • Lilly Pilly Gully walk

8. Phillip Island, VIC

phillip island beach

Phillip island is ideal for a day trip from Melbourne. You can access the island via a bridge.

This makes it particularly easy for visitors as you can just take your car and wander around the island with ease.

The best thing to do during the way is to go walking. Phillip Island has a lot of easy hikes that go along the beach or on the cliffs.

You can discover the beauty of the island until mid-afternoon and then go to the Penguin parade.

The penguin parade is what Phillip Island is famous for. Every day, hundreds of penguins come back to the island.

They are small Australian penguins. So cute! It’s an extraordinary thing to watch! Especially if you are an animal lover!

9. Sydney, NSW

sydney harbour bridge

Sydney is the largest city in Australia. Everyone that goes to Australia generally goes to Sydney at some point and rightfully.

Sydney is exactly what you expect Australia to be.

The city was built around the water. Circular Quay and the Harbour are the central point of the city.

The main attractions and landmarks in the CBD are Sydney Opera House, Harbour Bridge and the botanical gardens.

I went on a couple of walking tours in Sydney and I must say it was well worth it.

Sydney and Melbourne are two very interesting cities with loads of history.

Even though on a world scale they are still very recent, by knowing the history of Sydney and Melbourne you’ll get to understand what Australia is all about.

If you hop on a ferry, you can reach Manly. It’s definitely one of the best things to do in Sydney.

The ferry ride is amazing, you get to see the Opera and Harbour Bridge very closely.

Once you get to Manly, it’s kind of like being in an Australian version of California. A pretty interesting thing to see. The atmosphere is awesome!

Last but not least: Bondi Beach. Here we are: this is Australia. Big waves, surfers… Bondi Beach is exactly what you expect Sydney to be!

To be quite honest, I think Bondi is a bit overrated. Everyone rushes to go there, yet I think there are better things to do in and around Sydney.

That said, it’s still a cool place to check out while you are in Sydney.

10. Brisbane, QLD

Brisbane from park in Queensland Australia

Brisbane is also a very interesting city to visit.

Capital of Queensland, it’s one of the oldest cities in Australia and it’s the perfect place for people who like history and good weather.

One of the best things to do is walking along the riverwalk. If you want to relax, head to South Bank. It’s perfect to work on your tan and have a swim! There is also a very nice botanical garden.

For amazing views over the city, head to Story Bridge! It’s one of the best photo spots in Brisbane.

The city is also a great family destination, there is plenty of things to do with toddlers and kids in Brisbane.

11. Kangaroo Island, SA

kangaroo island flinders chase

Kangaroo Island is one of my favourite places in Australia.

Most people don’t bother going there as it can get a bit pricey and not necessarily convenient to get there.

The ferry costs up to 200AUD return and is located a few hours away from Adelaide.

That said, not going would be a huge mistake. Kangaroo Island is like a mini version of Australia. A pure concentration of the best of what Australia has to offer.

On Kangaroo Island, you will get to see beautiful white-sand beaches, kangaroos, wallabies, koalas, seals, cliffs, dunes, red-dirt roads, giant rocks…

It’s such a beautiful place!

If you want to get the most of your trip to Australia, a few days on Kangaroo Island will be ideal.

Here are the best things to do on Kangaroo Island:

  • Walks in Flinders Chase National Park
  • Surfing on the dunes of Little Sahara
  • Pennington Bay
  • Vivonne Bay
  • Western river bay
  • Remarkable rocks
  • Seal Bay Conservation Park
  • Admirals Arch

12. Flinders Ranges, SA

flinders ranges

Flinders Ranges are a range of mountains located a few hours north of Adelaide.

If you are looking for some challenging hikes and 60 degrees views, this is the place to be!

They are also a great place to stop by if you are doing a road trip from Adelaide to Uluru.

There are all kinds of hikes but let’s be honest, most of them are quite hard.

As a matter of fact, the hardest hike I’ve done in my life was in Flinders Ranges (and I’ve hiked over 2,600 km in Australia alone!).

They generally include a bit of climbing as well. It’s not unusual to take up to 10 hours to do 12 km.

That said, they are well worth it. Once you made your way to the top, you will get to enjoy a breath-taking 360 degrees view on the range of mountains but also see rock wallabies!

Rock wallabies can only be found in high altitudes so that’s a pretty cool and unique thing to get to see them.

13. Royal National Park

royal national park hike

Located about 1h away from Sydney, the Royal National Park is perfect if you are looking for a day trip from Sydney.

Compared to other Australian National Parks, the Royal National Park is quite small but doesn’t make it any less pretty!

It’s ideal if you want to go on easy to medium hikes. You’ll get to see waterfalls, walk on cliffs, dunes and most of all: the 8-shaped pools.

The 8-shaped pools are the main attractions in the park so it’s better to go in the morning, as early as you can. It can get busy in the afternoon.

14. Blue Mountains, NSW

roadtrip from Sydney blue mountains

Blue Mountains National Park is, in my opinion, the most beautiful National Park in New South Wales.

Located a couple of hours away from Sydney, you can go there on a day-trip or for a few days

If you like hiking, you will love the Blue Mountains.

There are many hiking trails, of all levels. Perfect to discover the beauty of Australian Nature.

The Blue Mountains are covered with Eucalyptus (gumtrees).

If you look at them from a viewpoint, for example from the 3 sisters, the trees will give the mountains this blue hallows. The mountains genuinely are blue! Which is why they are called as such.

The Blue Mountains are also home to the Scenic Railway cable car.

Here are the main places to go to in the Blue Mountains:

  • 3 sisters
  • Katoomba
  • Wentworth Falls
  • Echo Point
  • Grose Valley

For a truly unique experience, check out these treehouses in the Blue Mountains and unique Airbnb in NSW.

15. Great Ocean Road, VIC

12 apostle great ocean road

Do you want to go on an adventure? Then the Great Ocean Road is perfect!

It’s the ultimate Australia road trip!

Australia’s most iconic coastal drive has so much to offer!

Here are the best spots on the Great Ocean Road:

  • Lorne
  • Great Otway National Park
  • Bells beach
  • Apollo Bay
  • London Arch
  • Loch Ard Gorge
  • The Grotto
  • The Bay of Islands
  • Warrnambool
  • 12 apostles

The 12 apostles are one of the most beautiful natural landmarks in the world.

You will love them at any time of the day but if you feel like getting up early, watching the sunrise there is an amazing experience.

Please note it gets very windy so take a jacket (even in summer). You will want to spend some time there and it would be a shame to cut it short because you feel cold.

If you love hiking, you will find plenty to do as well! There are many beautiful waterfalls on the Great Ocean Road. Perfect to combine walking and swimming!

The Great Ocean Road is also a great place to see Koalas.

Even though Koalas are native-australian animals, you can’t find them everywhere and sometimes you have to be a bit lucky to get to see them.

Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia are the best places to find them.

They particularly like this coastal region of the state of Victoria so if you make sure to stop along the way and go for a walk, you should see some!

16. Grampians National Park, VIC

Located in the state of Victoria, the Grampians National Park is the ideal destination for nature lovers and hikers!

Here are some of the best things to do in the Grampians:

  • MacKenzie Falls
  • Boroka hike
  • Reed lookout
  • Pinnacle lookout and hike

17. Jervis Bay, NSW

water hyams beach in jervis bay NSW

If you love beautiful beaches, Jervis Bay will be your paradise.

It’s home to some of the most beautiful beaches in Australia and the whitest beach in the world: Hyams Beach!

This beautiful coastal destination is perfect for nature lovers and people who want a relaxing holiday.

You can enjoy the sun and crystal-clear waters but also going on beautiful walks in one of the two national parks: Jervis Bay National Park and Booderee National Park.

If you want to hit two birds with one stone, I’d recommend going on the White Sands Walk. Perfect to go on a short hike and discover Greenfield and Chinamans Beach.

18. Cape Byron lighthouse

cape byron lighthouse in byron bay nsw

One of the top things to do in Byron Bay activities is the Cape Byron Light station. It is a Commonwealth heritage site in the area.

It acts as an interpretative centre, maritime museum, a prominent tourist attraction for its accommodation, café and retail engagement, located on the Lighthouse Road, Byron Bay.

The construction was completed in 1901. It was designed by Charles Harding and Cecil W. Darley. It is iconic because it is the brightest lighthouse in Australia at a level of 2,200,000 cd.

It is in the NSW national park, so entry fee and vehicle timelines are levied. (if you are driving).

If you want to see the museum, it is open from 10 AM until 4 PM and you must have your binoculars handy because from here you can see whales easily.

One of the best ways to experience Byron Bay lighthouse is by going on the Cape Byron walking track. This 3.7km walk is a fairly easy walk and will take you about 3 hours to complete.

You can start at Palm Valley Car park, at the entrance of Cape Byron State Conservation Area. To get there, just walk along the Main Beach and you will see it when the beach ends.

Going on the Byron Bay Lighthouse walk is also a great opportunity to discover other beaches! It’s one of the best free things to do in Byron Bay.

There are so many places to see in Australia! It’s such a beautiful country. The list is endless and I will regularly add my favourite so you can plan your travels in Australia with ease.

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